Essay as a literary genre has a long tradition. He was born in France in the 17th century. The prototype of the genre from which its name derives is the Essay, published in 1580. Its author was Michel de Montaigne, a French philosopher. Later, the following authors reached the essay: Pascal, Diderot, Rousseau. A special feature of the essay is a violation of the rules, an open form combining poetry, narration, scientific discourse, joke and parody.
According to the Dictionary, an essay is a small scientific or literary dissertation that subjectively touches this topic. A convenient dictionary of literary terms gives a definition of the term in which the essay is: “philosophical, scientific, critical, moralistic, usually written in prose, in which the author freely and at the same time skillfully develops the interpretation of a phenomenon or a dispute that does not disguise the subjectivity of the accepted point view. The evidence contained in the essay, as a rule, subject to the severity of standard reasoning; unusual associations of ideas, deviations, paradoxical formulas (paradoxes), poetic images, aphorisms, and often narrative or lyrically reflexive elements play an important role in this. ”
It is believed that the essay is easier to describe as what it is not, what it is. This is something out of focus, it avoids a unique definition. It is described by comparison with other types of statements. The essay uses elementary structures of other types, “intercepts” them and modifies them according to your needs.
The essay seems at the same time and nothing at the same time – from poetry to drama and prose, from literature to special scientific works: its restrained presence can be traced everywhere. Anyone who becomes a lover of this form of expression, a victim who is concerned about a very uncomfortable question: is in an unenviable position: what he wants to capture – goes to infinity.
According to the composition criterion, the formal essay and the informal essay differ. Scientific (academic) essay refers to the formal essays due to the similarity with the contract and thesis. In informal essays, the subjective point of view of the author and his individual creativity are important. So, for example, if you need to write an essay about computer education, it will refer specifically to the informal type of essay.
The use of scientific essay is wide. It can be used to express conflicting views that are outside the mainstream of science, it can be an autonomous form of presenting judgments, in which not only the content is important, but also the artistic form or function of popularization.
Usually, older and more experienced scholars use the essay as a form of expression. This is due to the fact that it is proof of the author’s reading and artistry, which he acquires with age. However, students are often encouraged to write an essay. Due to this, they can consider this problem and learn how to write their conclusions in an interesting form.
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